Studies with minors are possible under special provisions
The consent is granted by the legal guardian(s) (in principle the parents). The consent must correspond to the minor's presumed will where such a will can be ascertained (informed assent).
Studies with MD involving permanently incapacitated persons are prohibited
Studies with subjects being in emergency situations are possible under special provisions.
It is allowed - provided that approval of CA and EC is granted- to start with immediate treatment without prior consent and as soon as granting consent becomes possible, he or she (or the legal guardian) may subsequently give or withhold consent (pursuant to Art 52a MPG).
Art 53 MPG